javascriptjwtuint8arrayed25519eddsa

Sign a message with EdDSA algorithm in Javascript to get JWT


I need to get JWT with EdDSA algorithm to be able to use an API. I have the private key to sign the message and I could do that with PHP with the next library: https://github.com/firebase/php-jwt (you can see the example with EdDSA at README). Now I need to do the same in JS but I didn't find the way to get JWT with a given secret key (encoded base 64) like that (only an example is not the real secretKey):

const secretKey = Dm2xriMD6riJagld4WCA6zWqtuWh40UzT/ZKO0pZgtHATOt0pGw90jG8BQHCE3EOjiCkFR2/gaW6JWi+3nZp8A==

I tried a lot of libraries like jose, js-nacl, crypto, libsodium, etc. And I am really close to get the JWT with libsodium library, now I attach the code:

const base64url = require("base64url");
const _sodium = require("libsodium-wrappers");
const moment = require("moment");

const getJWT = async () => {
  await _sodium.ready;
  const sodium = _sodium;

  const privateKey =
    "Dm2xriMD6riJagld4WCA6zWqtuWh40UzT/ZKO0pZgtHATOt0pGw90jG8BQHCE3EOjiCkFR2/gaW6JWi+3nZp8A==";
  const payload = {
    iss: "test",
    aud: "test.com",
    iat: 1650101178,
    exp: 1650101278,
    sub: "12345678-1234-1234-1234-123456789123"
  };
  const { msg, keyAscii} = encode(payload, privateKey, "EdDSA");
  const signature = sodium.crypto_sign_detached(msg, keyDecoded); //returns Uint8Array(64)
  //Here is the problem.
};
const encode = (payload, key, alg) => {
  const header = {
    typ: "JWT",
    alg //'EdDSA'
  };
  const headerBase64URL = base64url(JSON.stringify(header));
  const payloadBase64URL = base64url(JSON.stringify(payload));
  const headerAndPayloadBase64URL = `${headerBase64URL}.${payloadBase64URL}`;
  const keyAscii= Buffer.from(key, "base64").toString("ascii");
  return {headerAndPayloadBase64URL , keyAscii}
};

The problem is in the sodium.crypto_sign_detached function because it returns an Uint8Array(64) signature and and I need the JWT like that:

eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJFZERTQSJ9.eyJpc3MiOiJ0ZXN0IiwiYXVkIjoidGVzdC5jb20iLCJpYXQiOjE2NTAxMDExNzgsImV4cCI6MTY1MDEwMTI3OCwic3ViIjoiMTIzNDU2NzgtMTIzNC0xMjM0LTEyMzQtMTIzNDU2Nzg5MTIzIn0.f7WG_02UKljrMeVVOTNNBAGxtLXJUT_8QAnujNhomV18Pn5cU-0lHRgVlmRttOlqI7Iol_fHut3C4AOXxDGnAQ

How can I change the Uint8Array(64) to get the signature in a right format to get the JWT? I tried with base64, base64url, hex, text, ascii, etc and the final JWT is not valid (because the signature is wrong). If you compare my code with the code that I mentioned with PHP is very similar but the function sodium.crypto_sign_detached returns Uint8Array(64) at JS library and the same function in PHP returns an string and I can get the token. Or maybe there a way to adapt my given private key for use in other library (like crypto or jose where I received an error for the private key format) Thank you!


Solution

  • In the posted NodeJS code there are the following issues:

    • crypto_sign_detached() returns the signature as a Uint8Array, which can be imported with Buffer.from() and converted to a Base64 string with base64url().
    • Concatenating headerAndPayloadBase64URL and the Base64url encoded signature with a . as separator gives the JWT you are looking for.
    • The raw private key must not be decoded with 'ascii', as this generally corrupts the data. Instead, it should simply be handled as buffer. Note: If for some reason a conversion to a string is required, use 'binary' as encoding, which produces a byte string (however, this is not an option with crypto_sign_detached() as this function expects a buffer).

    With these changes, the following NodeJS code results:

    const _sodium = require('libsodium-wrappers');
    const base64url = require("base64url");
    
    const getJWT = async () => {  
        await _sodium.ready;
        const sodium = _sodium;
        const privateKey = "Dm2xriMD6riJagld4WCA6zWqtuWh40UzT/ZKO0pZgtHATOt0pGw90jG8BQHCE3EOjiCkFR2/gaW6JWi+3nZp8A==";
        const payload = {
            iss: "test",
            aud: "test.com",
            iat: 1650101178,
            exp: 1650101278,
            sub: "12345678-1234-1234-1234-123456789123"
         };  
         const {headerAndPayloadBase64URL, keyBuf} = encode(payload, privateKey, "EdDSA");
         const signature = sodium.crypto_sign_detached(headerAndPayloadBase64URL, keyBuf); 
         const signatureBase64url = base64url(Buffer.from(signature));
         console.log(`${headerAndPayloadBase64URL}.${signatureBase64url}`) // eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJFZERTQSJ9.eyJpc3MiOiJ0ZXN0IiwiYXVkIjoidGVzdC5jb20iLCJpYXQiOjE2NTAxMDExNzgsImV4cCI6MTY1MDEwMTI3OCwic3ViIjoiMTIzNDU2NzgtMTIzNC0xMjM0LTEyMzQtMTIzNDU2Nzg5MTIzIn0.f7WG_02UKljrMeVVOTNNBAGxtLXJUT_8QAnujNhomV18Pn5cU-0lHRgVlmRttOlqI7Iol_fHut3C4AOXxDGnAQ
    };
    
    const encode = (payload, key, alg) => {
        const header = {
            typ: "JWT",
            alg //'EdDSA'
        };
        const headerBase64URL = base64url(JSON.stringify(header));
        const payloadBase64URL = base64url(JSON.stringify(payload));
        const headerAndPayloadBase64URL = `${headerBase64URL}.${payloadBase64URL}`;
        const keyBuf = Buffer.from(key, "base64");
        return {headerAndPayloadBase64URL, keyBuf};
    };
    
    getJWT();
    

    Test:
    Since Ed25519 is deterministic, the NodeJS code can be checked by comparing both JWTs: If, as in the above NodeJS code, the same header and payload are used as in the PHP code, the same signature and thus the same JWT is generated as by the PHP code, namely:

    eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJFZERTQSJ9.eyJpc3MiOiJ0ZXN0IiwiYXVkIjoidGVzdC5jb20iLCJpYXQiOjE2NTAxMDExNzgsImV4cCI6MTY1MDEwMTI3OCwic3ViIjoiMTIzNDU2NzgtMTIzNC0xMjM0LTEyMzQtMTIzNDU2Nzg5MTIzIn0.f7WG_02UKljrMeVVOTNNBAGxtLXJUT_8QAnujNhomV18Pn5cU-0lHRgVlmRttOlqI7Iol_fHut3C4AOXxDGnAQ
    

    which shows that the NodeJS code works.


    Note that instead of the moment package, Date.now() could be used. This will return the time in milliseconds, so the value has to be divided by 1000, e.g. Math.round(Date.now()/1000), but saves a dependency.