javascriptjsonbrowserdouble-quotes

Is there any practical reason to use quoted strings for JSON keys?


According to Crockford's json.org, a JSON object is made up of members, which is made up of pairs.

Every pair is made of a string and a value, with a string being defined as:

A string is a sequence of zero or more Unicode characters, wrapped in double quotes, using backslash escapes. A character is represented as a single character string. A string is very much like a C or Java string.

But in practice most programmers don't even know that a JSON key should be surrounded by double quotes, because most browsers don't require the use of double quotes.

Does it make any sense to bother surrounding your JSON in double quotes?

Valid Example:

{
  "keyName" : 34
}

As opposed to the invalid:

{
   keyName : 34
}

Solution

  • The real reason about why JSON keys should be in quotes, relies in the semantics of Identifiers of ECMAScript 3.

    Reserved words cannot be used as property names in Object Literals without quotes, for example:

    ({function: 0}) // SyntaxError
    ({if: 0}) // SyntaxError
    ({true: 0}) // SyntaxError
    // etc...
    

    While if you use quotes the property names are valid:

    ({"function": 0}) // Ok
    ({"if": 0}) // Ok
    ({"true": 0}) // Ok
    

    The own Crockford explains it in this talk, they wanted to keep the JSON standard simple, and they wouldn't like to have all those semantic restrictions on it:

    ....

    That was when we discovered the unquoted name problem. It turns out ECMA Script 3 has a whack reserved word policy. Reserved words must be quoted in the key position, which is really a nuisance. When I got around to formulizing this into a standard, I didn't want to have to put all of the reserved words in the standard, because it would look really stupid.

    At the time, I was trying to convince people: yeah, you can write applications in JavaScript, it's actually going to work and it's a good language. I didn't want to say, then, at the same time: and look at this really stupid thing they did! So I decided, instead, let's just quote the keys.
    That way, we don't have to tell anybody about how whack it is.

    That's why, to this day, keys are quoted in JSON.

    ...

    The ECMAScript 5th Edition Standard fixes this, now in an ES5 implementation, even reserved words can be used without quotes, in both, Object literals and member access (obj.function Ok in ES5).