How to import an SQL file using the command line in MySQL?

I have a .sql file with an export from phpMyAdmin. I want to import it into a different server using the command line.

I have a Windows Server 2008 R2 installation. I placed the .sql file on the C drive, and I tried this command

database_name < file.sql

It is not working. I get syntax errors.

  • How can I import this file without a problem?
  • Do I need to create a database first?


  • Try:

    mysql -u username -p database_name < file.sql

    Check MySQL Options.

    Note 1: It is better to use the full path of the SQL file file.sql.

    Note 2: Use -R and --triggers with mysqldump to keep the routines and triggers of the original database. They are not copied by default.

    Note 3 You may have to create the (empty) database from MySQL if it doesn't exist already and the exported SQL doesn't contain CREATE DATABASE (exported with --no-create-db or -n option) before you can import it.