How can I coerce constraints?

Is there any mechanism to coerce constraints in Haskell (beside unsafeCoerce which I hope works)?

{-# LANGUAGE AllowAmbiguousTypes #-}
{-# LANGUAGE ConstraintKinds #-}
{-# LANGUAGE DerivingVia #-}
{-# LANGUAGE RankNTypes #-}
{-# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables #-}
{-# LANGUAGE StandaloneDeriving #-}
{-# LANGUAGE StandaloneKindSignatures #-}
{-# LANGUAGE TypeApplications #-}
module CatAdjonctionsSOQuestion where

import Data.Proxy
import Data.Tagged
import Unsafe.Coerce

newtype K a ph = K {unK :: a} -- I would want c a => c ((K a) i) for any c :: Constraints

-- I could do any possible instance by hand
deriving via a instance Semigroup a => Semigroup ((K a) i)

-- I want them all
-- deriving via a instance c ((K a) i) -- Instance head is not headed by a class: c (K a i)

data Exists c where
  Exists :: c a => a -> Exists c

data ExistsKai c i where
  ExistsKai :: c ((K a) i) => Proxy a -> ExistsKai c i

ok :: forall x c i. (forall x. (forall a. c a => a -> x) -> x) -> (forall a. c ((K a) i) => Tagged a x) -> x
ok s k =
  let e = (s Exists :: Exists c)
   in let f = unsafeCoerce e :: ExistsKai c i
       in case f of (ExistsKai (Proxy :: Proxy a)) -> unTagged (k @a)


  • With a slight modification to make it kind check, you ask for

    newtype K a ph = K {unK :: a}
    -- I would want c a => c ((K a) i)
    -- for any c :: Type -> Constraint

    You absolutely can't get that, now or ever, because it's invalid. Consider

    (~) Bool :: Type -> Constraint

    Now (~) Bool Bool holds, but you can never achieve (~) Bool (K Bool i).

    What about without equality constraints? Well, I can do that too, using Leibniz equality:

    class Bar a where
      isBool :: f a -> f Bool
    instance Bar Bool where
      isBool = id

    But there is no way to write instance Bar (K Bool i) whose isBool doesn't bottom out.