csocketsselectnonblocking

In a non blocking socket connect, select() always returns 1


I have this code segment that is designed to connect to a server using a socket connection. However if it can not connect to the server within a certain amount of time I would like it to stop trying. I tried to do this with this nonblocking socket and the select command but select is always returning 1 indicating that the server exists when nothing exists at the address I give it. Any Ideas?

SOCKET tcp_client( char *hname, char *sname )  {    
    fd_set fdset;
    struct sockaddr_in peer;
    SOCKET s;
    FD_ZERO(&fdset);
    // FD_SET(STDIN, &fdset);
    FD_SET(s, &fdset);
    errno=1;
    struct timeval tv;
    tv.tv_sec = 15;
    set_address( hname, sname, &peer, "tcp" );
    s = socket( AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0 );

    int n = 1;
    fcntl(s, F_SETFL, O_NONBLOCK);

    if ( !isvalidsock( s ) )
    {
        printf("Socket Call Failed: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        return(0);
    }

    int x = 0;

    int status = connect( s, ( struct sockaddr * )&peer, sizeof( peer ) );

    if(status < 0) {
        printf("Status: %i\n", status); 
    }

    int retVal = select(s+1, &fdset, NULL, NULL, &tv);
    printf("retVal: %i\n", retVal);

    if (retVal == 1) {
        int so_error;
        socklen_t slen = sizeof so_error;
        getsockopt(s, SOL_SOCKET, SO_ERROR, &so_error, &slen);
        if (so_error == 0) {
            printf("work\n");

            x =1;
        } else {
            printf("fail\n");
            x = 0;
        }
    } else {     
        printf("noSocks\n"); 
    }


    if (x ==0 )
    {
        printf("Connect Failed: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        L("libOnexc: Connect to socket failed");
        close(s);
        return(0);
    } 

    return s;
}

Solution

  • One problem I see is that you stick s in the fdset before you have created the socket. You need to do the

    FD_SET(s, &fdset);
    

    after you've created the socket because s is just an integer and so will not be the right value until after the call to socket().

    EDIT

    Like this:

    .
    .
    .
    SOCKET s;
    errno=1;
    struct timeval tv;
    tv.tv_sec = 15;
    set_address( hname, sname, &peer, "tcp" );
    s = socket( AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0 );
    
    int n = 1;
    fcntl(s, F_SETFL, O_NONBLOCK);
    
    if ( !isvalidsock( s ) )
    {
        printf("Socket Call Failed: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        return(0);
    }    
    
    FD_ZERO(&fdset);
    FD_SET(s, &fdset); // don't put socket in set until it is actually created