pythonpython-3.xnumpymatrix

Checking if a matrix is symmetric in Numpy


I'm trying to make a function with the arguments (a,tol=1e-8) that returns a boolean value that tells the user whether or not the matrix is symmetric (symmetric matrix is equal to its transpose). So far I have:

def check_symmetric(a, tol=1e-8):
if np.transpose(a, axes=axes) == np.transpose(a, axes=axes):
    return True
def sqr(s):
    rows = len(s)
    for row in sq:
        if len(row) != rows:
            return False
    return True
if a != sqr(s):
    raise ValueError

although I keep getting an axes isn't defined message so I'm pretty sure that doesn't work at all...... the tests I'd like to pass are:

e = np.eye(4)
f = np.diag([1], k=3)
g = e[1:, :]

print(check_symmetric(e))
print(not check_symmetric(e + f))
print(check_symmetric(e + f * 1e-9))
print(not check_symmetric(e + f * 1e-9, 1e-10))
try:
    check_symmetric(g)
    print(False)
except ValueError:
    print(True)

Any help is appreciated, thanks!


Solution

  • You can simply compare it to its transpose using allclose

    def check_symmetric(a, rtol=1e-05, atol=1e-08):
        return numpy.allclose(a, a.T, rtol=rtol, atol=atol)