Imagine that you have a file
example.nc, that has wind data defined in 90N, 90S, 180E, 180W region. Is there anyway I could in linux, with a simple nc-type command (without extracting the data in matlab/python to rewrite), crop this file to include a smaller region, subset of the above.
For example, 30N, 10S, 60E and 30W.
nco works fine, but just to list an alternative, one can also do it using
cdo (climate data operators), which I find easier to remember. You can specify directly the longitude and latitude values in this way:
cdo sellonlatbox,lon1,lon2,lat1,lat2 infile.nc outfile.nc
where lon1,lon2,lat1,lat2 define the boundaries of the area you require.
Note that longitude can be specified using 0:360 or also -180:180 conventions irrespective of that used in the input file. The output conventions will follow those used in the cdo command. This this command can also be used to convert a file from one format to the other.
For more details on extracting subregions, I have posted this video tutorial on youtube
If you don't have
cdo already installed you can get it on Ubuntu with
sudo apt-get install cdo
cdo has many other functions for processing, combining and splitting files and an excellent online documentation. Note that for
cdo to work the coordinate variables (lat/lon) need to be defined according to CF conventions, so in that way the
nco solution is more robust.