javadesign-patternsenumssingleton

Implementing Singleton with an Enum (in Java)


I have read that it is possible to implement Singleton in Java using an Enum such as:

public enum MySingleton {
     INSTANCE;   
}

But, how does the above work? Specifically, an Object has to be instantiated. Here, how is MySingleton being instantiated? Who is doing new MySingleton()?


Solution

  • This,

    public enum MySingleton {
      INSTANCE;   
    }
    

    has an implicit empty constructor. Make it explicit instead,

    public enum MySingleton {
        INSTANCE;
        private MySingleton() {
            System.out.println("Here");
        }
    }
    

    If you then added another class with a main() method like

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println(MySingleton.INSTANCE);
    }
    

    You would see

    Here
    INSTANCE
    

    enum fields are compile time constants, but they are instances of their enum type. And, they're constructed when the enum type is referenced for the first time.