pythonsqlitepandashdf5

HDF5 - concurrency, compression & I/O performance


I have the following questions about HDF5 performance and concurrency:

  1. Does HDF5 support concurrent write access?
  2. Concurrency considerations aside, how is HDF5 performance in terms of I/O performance (does compression rates affect the performance)?
  3. Since I use HDF5 with Python, how does its performance compare to Sqlite?

References:


Solution

  • Updated to use pandas 0.13.1

    1. No. http://pandas.pydata.org/pandas-docs/dev/io.html#notes-caveats. There are various ways to do this, e.g. have your different threads/processes write out the computation results, then have a single process combine.

    2. depending the type of data you store, how you do it, and how you want to retrieve, HDF5 can offer vastly better performance. Storing in an HDFStore as a single array, float data, compressed (in other words, not storing it in a format that allows for querying), will be stored/read amazingly fast. Even storing in the table format (which slows down the write performance), will offer quite good write performance. You can look at this for some detailed comparisons (which is what HDFStore uses under the hood). http://www.pytables.org/, here's a nice picture:

    Since PyTables 2.3 the queries are now indexed, so performance is actually MUCH better than this.

    To answer your question, if you want any kind of performance, HDF5 is the way to go.

    Writing:

    In [14]: %timeit test_sql_write(df)
    1 loops, best of 3: 6.24 s per loop
    
    In [15]: %timeit test_hdf_fixed_write(df)
    1 loops, best of 3: 237 ms per loop
    
    In [16]: %timeit test_hdf_table_write(df)
    1 loops, best of 3: 901 ms per loop
    
    In [17]: %timeit test_csv_write(df)
    1 loops, best of 3: 3.44 s per loop
    

    Reading

    In [18]: %timeit test_sql_read()
    1 loops, best of 3: 766 ms per loop
    
    In [19]: %timeit test_hdf_fixed_read()
    10 loops, best of 3: 19.1 ms per loop
    
    In [20]: %timeit test_hdf_table_read()
    10 loops, best of 3: 39 ms per loop
    
    In [22]: %timeit test_csv_read()
    1 loops, best of 3: 620 ms per loop
    

    And here's the code

    import sqlite3
    import os
    from pandas.io import sql
    
    In [3]: df = DataFrame(randn(1000000,2),columns=list('AB'))
    <class 'pandas.core.frame.DataFrame'>
    Int64Index: 1000000 entries, 0 to 999999
    Data columns (total 2 columns):
    A    1000000  non-null values
    B    1000000  non-null values
    dtypes: float64(2)
       
    def test_sql_write(df):
        if os.path.exists('test.sql'):
            os.remove('test.sql')
        sql_db = sqlite3.connect('test.sql')
        sql.write_frame(df, name='test_table', con=sql_db)
        sql_db.close()
    
    def test_sql_read():
        sql_db = sqlite3.connect('test.sql')
        sql.read_frame("select * from test_table", sql_db)
        sql_db.close()
        
    def test_hdf_fixed_write(df):
        df.to_hdf('test_fixed.hdf','test',mode='w')
    
    def test_csv_read():
        pd.read_csv('test.csv',index_col=0)
    
    def test_csv_write(df):
        df.to_csv('test.csv',mode='w')    
    
    def test_hdf_fixed_read():
        pd.read_hdf('test_fixed.hdf','test')
    
    def test_hdf_table_write(df):
        df.to_hdf('test_table.hdf','test',format='table',mode='w')
    
    def test_hdf_table_read():
        pd.read_hdf('test_table.hdf','test')
    

    Of course YMMV.